The body of law included in the County Code entitled the Coroner and Sheriff Act governs the Luzerne County Coroner's Office. The law explicitly states that "it is the statutory duty of the coroner to investigate all suspicious deaths and to determine the cause and manner of death in all such cases". This function is accomplished through post mortem examination when indicated, review of medical records, medical history, examination of the scene where the death occurred and investigation of the circumstances surrounding the death. Cases that mandate a post mortem examination or autopsy are as follows:
All infant and child deaths
All homicide deaths
Coroner records regarding the above information, with the exception of cause and manner of death are not public records. Therefore these records are not available for review by the general public. In accordance with existing law, it is the policy of the Luzerne County Coroner's office to only release the cause and manner of death concerning any deceased individual unless otherwise specifically authorized by the Coroner's Act and Luzerne County Court of Common Pleas via subpeona. All such records are filed and kept in the Luzerne County Coroner's Office as deputized custodian of these records.